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Fracture

Diseases

Severe pain, distortion, movement trouble, or with protruded fractured bone seen.

First Aid Tips

See a doctor quickly;bandage and fix the fracture before moving, if the fracture occurs on instep or neck, keep the affected person lying straightly and waiting for ambulance,covering the wound with dry gauze, keep her/ him warm, give no food including water.

 

Asthma

Diseases

Breathing difficulty, wheezing, chest constriction, and coughing.

First Aid Tips

If the patient has asthma history, apply bronchia dilator and take asthma medicine and oxygen as doctor’s instruction, and keep air fresh, if this doesn’t work well, send him to hospital immediate (emergency treatment)

 

Stroke

Diseases

Lose consciousness, breathing difficulty, weakness in face, four limbs or one side of the body, speaking difficulty or twitching.

First Aid Tips

  • Cover the patient with blanket, and turn his head if he has vomit, do not let him eat or drink, call 119.
  • If the victim has no special situation, keep the affected part of the patient downward, send him to hospital, with head elevated and lying on his back.

 

Foreign body in Airway

Diseases

It is very dangerous if a foreign body enters the airway, which may cause dramatic coughing, choking, face cyanosing or turning blue, or even stop breathing.

First Aid Tips

If the victim fails to eject the foreign body, perform procedures for clearing of foreign body in airway by following the steps for treatment of foreign body choking.

 

Poisoning

Diseases

Different indications, some may be indicated with sore throat, bellyache, scorching mouth, vomit, and sleepiness.

First Aid Tips

do not perform lavage or induce vomiting unless instructed by the Poison Control Center or by a doctor.

 

Cut and contusing

Diseases

Pain and bleeding of cut, red and swelling caused by contusion.

First Aid Tips

Raise the limps of the victim and wash the cut with clean water, and press the cut to stop bleeding; alleviate the swelling and pain of contusion with cold towel or iced bag, for open wound, a doctor is needed.

 

Drowning

Diseases

Lose consciousness and respiration, and heartbeat may stop.

First Aid Tips

IF the victim has pulse but no breathing, give him mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration; if he has no heartbeat, rescuer trained with CPR shall give him a CPR, do not move the victim’s head, neck and back unless it is necessary, Call 119 to send to victim to hospital.

 

Fainting

Diseases

Pale, cold, dizzy, shallow breathing, sweating and lose consciousness for a while.

First Aid Tips

Keep the patient lying on his back, with feet elevated higher than his body, loosen his clothes and cover his face with cold towel, notify a doctor if he faints again.

 

Burns by fire or hot water

Diseases

Red pain, medium degree burn may result in blisters, and serious burn may damage the tissue.

First Aid Tips

  • Rinse the affected part with tap water quickly.
  • Remove his clothes carefully after the affected part has blistered.
  • Soak the affected part in cold water to reduce pain and keep the victim calm.
  • Cover the affected part with clean cloth or gauze.
  • Send the victim to the neighboring hospital for further treatment.

 

Heart failure

Diseases

Continuous chest pain which often extends to left shoulder and left hand and result in breathing difficulty, with lips, skins, and fingers cyanosing and turning blue.

First Aid Tips

Call 119, keep the patient in the comfortable position of half-sitting and half-lying, if the victim has no breathing, give mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration to him; if he has no pulse, perform CPR on him, do not give any food by mouth.

 

Electric shock

Diseases

Losing consciousness, paleness, cyanosing, and skin like erythema.

First Aid Tips

Cut off the power supply, separate the victim from the electric contact with dry stick or clothes, if the victim has neither breathing nor pulse, perform CPR on him if you have been trained for such rescue, call 119.

 

Gas poisoning

Diseases

Headache, dizzy, pale, losing consciousness.

First Aid Tips

Open or break the window and door, move the victim to place with good ventilation, if the victim has no breathing, give mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration to him; if he has no pulse, perform CPR on him, keep his body warm and call 119.

 

Heat exhaustion and heatstroke

Diseases

Pale and cold, headache, weak and may vomit; for a sudden heatstroke, there may be red cheek, mental disorder and fever all over the body besides vomit.

First Aid Tips

Give cold pack and some drink with contents of salt such as sports drink, if the patient vomits or with cheek red or mental disorder, call 119.

 

Fever

Diseases

Body temperature over 98.6℉(37℃),with hot forehead.

First Aid Tips

Drink water as much, do not wear too much clothes; cover with cold towel; see a doctor if the body temperature exceeds 102℉(39℃) or stays on.

 

Insect bite

Diseases

Pain or skin tickling, red and swelling, allergic, spotty and breathing difficulty.

First Aid Tips

Extract the sting if it is an insect sting, but never press it; cold pack is allowed; call 119 if the victim has shock or exanthema.

 

Nosebleed

Diseases

Bleeding from the nose.

First Aid Tips

Keep the patient leaning forward, pinch his nose to stop the bleeding, combined with cold pack on the nose and face of the patient, send him to hospital if this doesn’t work.

 

Frostbite

Diseases

Red skin, then turning pale or grey yellow, with coldness, numbness and ache in the part of blister.

First Aid Tips

Do not rub the affected area but soak it in warm water of 40℃ to restore the temperature.

 

Appendicitis

Diseases

Pain in and left and lower belly, nausea, and may be with vomit, and fever.

First Aid Tips

See a doctor, do not eat anything, and use ice to cover the affected area to reduce the discomfort. uneasiness.

 

Otalgia

Diseases

Pain, and may cause dizziness, or effusion from ear, or fever.

First Aid Tips

See a doctor, cold and hot pack can both reduce the pain.

 

Dog bite

Diseases

There may be puncture, avulsion or laniarii on the skin.

First Aid Tips

Wash the bite with soapy water and clean water, then cover it with sterilizing gauze and bandage, if the dog conducted the bite is caught, check if it is infected with hydrophobia.